As the European Union tries to reduce its dependence on Russian energy, the Russian president recently said Russia would try to shift its energy exports to the east, adding that there was no way for European countries to give up Russian gas immediately.
Russia supplies about 40 percent of the EU's gas, and western sanctions imposed over the conflict with Ukraine have complicated financing and logistical arrangements for existing agreements, hitting Russian energy exports, the report noted.
Russia has been building closer ties with China and other Asian countries as the European Union debates whether to impose sanctions on Russian gas and oil and member states seek supplies from elsewhere, Reuters said.
"So-called partners from unfriendly countries admit that they cannot survive without Russian energy, including gas," the Russian president said in a televised government meeting. There is no reasonable alternative to Russian gas in Europe right now."
He also said Europe was driving up energy prices and destabilizing markets by talking about cutting off Russia's energy supplies. Russia, which produces about a tenth of the world's oil and a fifth of its natural gas, will need new infrastructure to increase energy supplies to Asia, he said.
He ordered Moscow to submit a plan by June 1, including "the expansion of transport infrastructure to countries in Africa, Latin America, and the Asia-Pacific region".
He also sought to clarify the possibility of integrating two pipelines -- the Sakhalin-Khabarovsk-Vladivostok gas pipeline in the Far East and the "Power of Siberia" gas pipeline to China -- into Russia's unified gas supply system. In theory, connecting these routes to larger gas networks could allow Russia to divert gas from Europe to Asia.
Because of the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of international bulk spherical aluminum oxide are still very uncertain.
Introduction to Spherical Aluminum Oxide Powder
Aluminum oxide or bauxite with the chemical formula Al2O3 is a refractory and insoluble white powder. The melting point is 2015℃, the boiling point is 2980℃, the relative density is 4.0, and the Mohs hardness is 8.8. It has different crystal types, mainly α and γ variants. Aluminum oxide can be obtained by heating and dehydration of aluminum hydroxide. Nature exists α aluminum oxide, known as corundum, hardness is second only to diamond, mixed with a small number of impurities can make corundum with a variety of color, known as gems, such as ruby (containing a small amount of Cr3+) and sapphire (containing Ti3+ and Fe2+, Fe3+), now available molten aluminum oxide artificial crystallization method manufacturing gems. Artificial gems are not inferior to natural gems in terms of their properties and are widely used in industrial technology. For example, bearings are used as fast-moving parts of the machine, diamonds on clocks and watches, abrasives, and refractories, such as corundum crucible, they can withstand high temperatures of 1800℃. Aluminum oxide is one of the main components of the earth's crust. Pure aluminum oxide is the main raw material for smelting aluminum. Aluminum is easy to be oxidized by air to produce aluminum oxide, aluminum products placed in the air, the surface of the formation of a thin layer of dense aluminum oxide protective film, protect the aluminum inside from oxidation, so aluminum products can be used as cooking utensils and other living utensils. Aluminum oxide is an amphoteric oxide, soluble in both acid and base. Therefore, aluminum products are not resistant to acid and alkali. The outer oxide film will be destroyed when it contacts acid or alkali. Activated aluminum oxide is a porous solid, which can adsorb a variety of substances, so it is commonly used as desiccants, adsorbents, and catalysts.
Physicochemical Properties of Spherical Aluminum Oxide Powder
The particle size of aluminum oxide powder is uniformly distributed, it has high purity and excellent dispersion. Its specific surface area is high, it has high-temperature resistance inertia, and high activity, and it belongs to activated aluminum oxide. It is Porous. It has high hardness, good dimensional stability, strong surface acidity, and certain surface alkalinity. It is widely used as catalysts and catalyst carriers and other new green chemical materials. It can be widely used to strengthen and toughen all kinds of plastics, rubber, ceramics, refractories, and other products, especially to improve the compactness, finish, cold and hot fatigue, fracture toughness, creep resistance, and wear resistance of polymer material products, especially remarkable. Excellent dispersion, insolvent water; Solvent ethanol, propyl alcohol, propylene glycol, isopropyl alcohol, ethylene glycol monobutyl ether, acetone, butanone, benzene, xylene, do not need to add dispersant, it can be fully dispersed evenly by stirring.
When the particle size of aluminum oxide powder is changed to the nanometer level, it can not only maintain the excellent characteristics of ordinary aluminum oxide powder but also show the optical, electrical, magnetic, thermal, and mechanical properties that the conventional materials do not have. As a new functional material, nano aluminum oxide is widely used in many fields such as optics, chemical industry, and special ceramics.
|Spherical Aluminum Oxide Powder Properties|
|Other Names||aluminum oxide, aluminum (III) oxide, aluminum trioxide, Al2O3 powder|
|Boiling Point||2977 °C|
|Solubility in H2O||N/A|
Applications of Spherical Aluminum Oxide Powder
1. Aluminum oxide is mainly used to make metal aluminum. In addition, it is also used to make plastic and other polymer products as filler, adsorbent and catalyst, medicine, cosmetics, and chemical products of raw materials, ceramics, abrasives and refractories, and so on.
2. Aluminum oxide is the main raw material of the electrolytic method of metal aluminum, the more pure aluminum smelting, the purer. It is very important to purify aluminum oxide before electrolysis because it is more difficult to purify aluminum than aluminum oxide. Aluminum oxide is one of the main components of the earth's crust, aluminum mainly includes bauxite Al2O3·2H2O, alingite (AlO)2SO4·9H2O, aluminum clay H2Al(SiO4)·H2O and so on. Natural bauxite is the best raw material for aluminum oxide production, the general content can reach 40% ~ 60%, the rest is mainly silicon dioxide, iron oxide, and scattered elements, and other impurities. Using their chemical properties on the common and personality can be separated from aluminum oxide and other impurities, purification methods are mainly acid method and alkali method. Activated aluminum oxide γ aluminum oxide, is a porous material, each gram of internal surface area can be as high as hundreds of square meters, has a very high activity, can adsorb water vapor and many gases, liquid molecules, often used as an adsorbent, catalyst carrier, and desiccant.
3. Artificial aluminum oxide fiber is aluminum oxide as the main component, containing about 5% silicon dioxide (to stabilize the crystal phase of aluminum oxide), commonly used in the iron and steel industry in all kinds of heat treatment furnace and petrochemical cracking furnace insulation lining, nuclear reactors and space shuttle insulation materials and light alloy reinforcement materials. Aluminum oxide fiber is polycrystalline aluminum oxide fiber. It is made by the colloid method or impregnation method of organic fiber (precursor method of organic fiber), and its structure is in microcrystalline form, which eliminates the shortcoming of recrystallization of fiber made by the melt-blown method. This fiber has great strength at room temperature and high temperature, high-temperature resistance, small bulk density, good chemical stability, strong insulation, dielectric, and sound absorption performance.
Main Supplier of Spherical Aluminum Oxide Powder
Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd. (TRUNNANO) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12-year-experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials, including silicon powder, nitride powder, graphite powder, zinc sulfide, calcium nitride, 3D printing powder, etc.
If you are looking for high-quality spherical aluminum oxide powder, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. ([email protected])
According to the bank of Spain's latest forecast data, the average inflation is expected to hit 7.6% in 2022, but the average wage increase for workers in this country is expected to be less than 4% in 2022.
If the Bank of Spain's forecast comes true, the gap between price and wage growth in Spain in a single year will be the largest since 1984.
Prices in Spain rose 9.8% year on year in March 2022 and average wages rose 2.4% year on year, with the Bank of Spain forecasting that the country's inflation rate will improve from July.
Recent changes in the international situation have had a big impact on commodity and energy prices. How the prices of the spherical aluminum oxide will develop in the future is still uncertain.
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