The European Union is seeking to boost energy cooperation with African countries to help wean them off dependence on Russian gas imports.
Bloomberg said, recently, according to a draft EU file, African countries, especially in western Africa Nigeria, Senegal and Angola have a large untapped liquefied natural gas (LNG), the European Commission will adopt this file about enhanced external energy supply later this month, as part of plans to reduce dependence on Russian energy.
Because of the ever-changing international situation, the supply and prices of international bulk early strength agent are still very uncertain.
Mortar early strength agent is an important mortar additive, which has an important influence on the performance of mortar. it can improve construction efficiency and save construction cost.
Lithium carbonate is a kind of inorganic compound with chemical formula Li2CO3, which is colorless monoclinic crystal or white powder. The density is 2.11g/cm3. Melting point is 618℃(1.013*10^5Pa). Soluble in dilute acid. It is slightly soluble in water, and its solubility in cold water is higher than that in hot water. Insoluble in alcohol and acetone. It can be used to make ceramics, drugs, catalysts and so on.
Lithium salt early strength agents can promote the setting and early strength of cement mortar. The results show that lithium salt early strength agent shortens the hydration induction period by accelerating the rupture of hydration protective film, improves the low temperature hydration ability of cement mortar, obviously shortens the low temperature thickening time, and improves the low temperature compressive strength of cement mortar. it shows excellent effect of early strength at low temperature.
Because portland cement is often used in mortar, it is characterized by low strength at early stage and high strength at later stage. In order to improve its early strength, adding an appropriate amount of lithium carbonate to the product is very beneficial to improve its early strength.
In mortar products, lithium carbonate is mainly used in grouting materials, cement-based plastering mortars, repair mortars, seat pastes and other products. In order to improve the early strength, high alumina cement is usually added to the mortar as a setting accelerator, and antifreeze is needed in the low temperature environment. Lithium carbonate has dual functions, which can not only accelerate the hardening speed of cement and improve its early strength, but also avoid the problem of slow setting speed in winter construction or in low temperature and humid environment, so that cement products can be put into use as soon as possible. Lithium carbonate especially makes a great contribution to the early strength. In summer, the amount of lithium carbonate is usually 0.01%-0.03% of the quality of cement, while in winter, the amount of lithium carbonate should increase appropriately with the decrease of temperature, and the amount is about 0.02%-0.05%. The amount of lithium carbonate should not be too high, otherwise it will lead to cracking.
In addition, the performance of lithium carbonate to improve the early strength of mortar is not proportional linear. With the increase of the amount of lithium carbonate, the enhancement of its strengthening effect is no longer obvious.
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In a recent interview with Izvestia, Russian Federation Council Chairman Matviyenko said that Russia is open to dialogue with the West based on mutual respect, but the opportunity to resume dialogue will only come after the end of special military operations.
Matviyenko also noted that Europe currently lacks politicians who can make independent decisions. She said the EU's strategy to wean itself off Russian energy by 2027 would be costly, with Russia supplying 40 percent of Europe's gas, 27 percent of its oil, and 46 percent of its coal, and was essentially "anti-European" and a "tax" on US global dominance.
On Sweden's and Finland's plans to join NATO, Matviyenko said Russia will take corresponding measures if NATO weapons and equipment appear in the two countries, and Russia is capable of guaranteeing its own security.
Besides, speaking by video at an international conference, Ukraine's minister of agricultural policy and Food, said the country's grain early strength agent are expected to continue to be influenced by international situations.
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